A concussion is a mild form of a traumatic brain injury. Recovery may take a few weeks, but even so, certain long-term problems can still crop up.
Learning how the impact of a car crash can affect the brain helps victims to understand and prepare to deal with the possibility of ongoing limitations.
About brain trauma
We often think of a concussion as a sports injury. However, falls are the leading cause of brain injuries followed by motor vehicle accidents. Even a low-speed rear-end collision can result in a concussion or a more severe traumatic brain injury. The sudden and violent impact causes the brain to nudge against the inside of the skull, which can cause bruising and brain cell damage. Damaged brain cells lose the ability to communicate with healthy cells. A reduction in the delivery of blood flow, oxygen and necessary nutrients to the injury site can hinder recovery efforts.
Symptoms of brain trauma include dizziness, balance problems, headaches, fatigue or drowsiness, sensitivity to light or noise, even mood swings or depression. Because the release of adrenalin may mask pain and injury temporarily, symptoms of brain trauma may not appear for hours or even days after the crash. Although recovery is possible in a few weeks’ time, there may be ongoing changes in cognitive function such as thinking or memory issues.
Prompt medical attention following a vehicle crash, even a mild collision, is important since underlying injuries may exist. In addition, the accompanying medical report will tie any injury diagnosed directly to the car crash, greatly improving the chance for the victim to receive full and fair insurance compensation to cover current and future medical expenses and more.